Integrated Content and Foreign Language Learning (CLIL) is the term used to describe what is commonly known as linguistic immersion. The term CLIL (AICLE in Spanish) was created in 1994 by David Marsh to describe the flow of applied linguistics that ensures in the learning of a foreign language greater success is achieved through common subjects.
What is it based on?
This method is based on applying the language one wants to learn in common subject classes, not only in the language learning from the linguistic point of view. That is, the CLIL or AICLE bases the English learning on the study of common subjects in English, not on a single subject of English that is treated in an isolated manner and creates forced and invented situations.
The language in this system is the center of the learning process. Language is learned through its use in situations not rehearsed, in real situations, which tomorrow the student will be able to repeat in his life. This is the active application of language in the study to get used to speaking this other language and be prepared in the future to face everyday situations. The Integrated Content and Foreign Language Learning (CLIL) is a cognitive challenge for students, which in this way develop their basic interpersonal communication skills and their competence in cognitive-academic language.
What are the benefits of this method ?
Multiculturalism is one of the main benefits of linguistic immersion, as well as knowledge of other languages. Language, thought and culture are linked so that this method offers students the opportunity to interact with other cultures.
What methodology does it use?
The teaching of AICLE/ CLIL is focused on the student and it is a very flexible type of teaching. Learning is interactive and autonomous and is focused on processes and tasks, not just theoretical knowledge. The main source of linguistic input (input) comes from textual and auditory materials and therefore the most practiced skills are reading and oral comprehension. The language is viewed from a point of view more lexical than grammatical and the most important thing is that the student acquires fluency in the language.
(Imagen procedente del Instituto Cultural de Lenguas Extranjeras Hospes)